Directed Motivational Currents
A 'Directed Motivational Current' (DMC) is an intense motivational drive - or surge - which is capable of stimulating and supporting long-term behaviour, such as learning a foreign/second language (L2). Integrating aspects of several mainstream motivation theories in psychology as well as current strands of motivational thinking in Applied Linguistics, such as the L2 Motivational Self System, language learning vision and Dynamic Systems Theory, DMCs form a multipurpose construct with compelling motivational capabilities: they can act as a fundamental organiser of motivational impetus in general and, as such, have considerable potential as a specific tool to motivate learners in the language classroom. This is a novel area of research and I will post new developments related to the concept on this page.
- Have a look at our DMC Flyer, which offers a concise summary (PDF, 593 Kb)
- "Directed Motivational Currents An Introduction" - this is a PowerPoint presentation that Christine Muir has given at the 2014 Postgraduate Research Symposium at Nottingham University (May, 2014) (PDF, 363 Kb)
- The PowerPoint slides of a talk given by Zoltan at the School of Education, University of Sheffield, in May 2016 on introducing DMCs. (PDF, 2.2 Mb)
Dörnyei, Z., Muir, C., & Ibrahim, Z. (2014) 'Directed Motivational Current': Energising language learning through creating intense motivational pathways. In D. Lasagabaster, A. Doiz and J.M. Sierra (Eds.), Motivation and foreign language learning: From theory to practice (pp. 9-29). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Muir, C., & Dörnyei, Z. (2013). Directed Motivational Currents: Using vision to create effective motivational pathways. Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, 3(3), 357-375.
Dörnyei, Z., Ibrahim, Z., & Muir, C. (2015). 'Directed Motivational Currents': Regulating Complex Dynamic Systems through Motivational Surges. In Dörnyei. Z., MacIntyre, P., & Henry, A. (Eds.), Motivational dynamics in language learning (pp. 95-105). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Henry, A., Davydenko, S., & Dörnyei, Z. (2015). The anatomy of Directed Motivational Currents: Exploring intense and enduring periods of L2 motivation. Modern Language Journal, 99(2), 329-345.
Dörnyei, Z., Henry, A., & Muir, C. (2016). Motivational currents in language learning: Frameworks for focused interventions. New York: Routledge.